Programming in C (C11) Fundamentals

Duration : 6 Days (48 Hours)

Programming in C (C11) Fundamentals Course Overview:

The current standard for the C programming language is C11, denoted as ISO/IEC 9899:2011, replacing its predecessor C99. This course employs live-code techniques to teach both the C Standard Library and the C language.

C11 primarily standardizes previously supported characters by modern compilers, introducing an extensive memory model for enhanced management of multiple threads of execution.

The influential C language remains widely popular, especially among small device and game developers. Course objectives encompass understanding compilers and high-level computer languages, language standards, debugging, data variables and constants, data types, pitfalls, and arguments. Participants will also gain proficiency in the C preprocessor, constants, exploring scanf() and printf(), grasping operator basics, the comma operator, input validation, multidimensional arrays, and ANSI C type qualifiers.

Intended Audience:

  • Beginner programmers
  • Students studying computer science or related fields
  • Aspiring software developers
  • Anyone new to programming and wanting to learn C
  • Individuals interested in learning the fundamentals of C programming
  • Those seeking to build a strong foundation in programming concepts
  • Professionals from non-programming backgrounds looking to acquire coding skills
  • Hobbyists and enthusiasts eager to learn C programming
  • Anyone looking to expand their programming language repertoire to include C
  • Beginners aiming to understand variables, loops, conditionals, and other core programming concepts.

Learning Objectives of Programming in C (C11) Fundamentals:

The “Programming in C (C11) Fundamentals” course is designed to achieve the following objectives:

  1. Introduction to C Programming: Provide participants with a solid foundation in the fundamentals of the C programming language, including syntax, variables, data types, and basic program structure.
  2. Control Flow: Teach participants how to use control structures like loops and conditional statements to create logic and make decisions in their programs.
  3. Functions and Modularity: Introduce the concept of functions, how to define and call functions, and the importance of modular programming.
  4. Arrays and Pointers: Familiarize participants with arrays and pointers, essential concepts for managing memory and manipulating data effectively.
  5. Input and Output: Explore methods to interact with the user and external sources through input and output operations, including file handling.
  6. Memory Management: Provide an understanding of dynamic memory allocation and deallocation using malloc, calloc, realloc, and free.
  7. Structures and Unions: Introduce the concept of structures and unions for organizing related data items into more complex data structures.
  8. Strings and String Functions: Teach participants how to work with strings and use common string manipulation functions.
  9. Preprocessor Directives: Cover the use of preprocessor directives for conditional compilation, file inclusion, and macro definition.
  10. Error Handling and Debugging: Explore techniques for error handling, debugging tools, and strategies to troubleshoot and rectify issues in C programs.
  11. Best Practices and Coding Standards: Promote adherence to coding standards and best practices to ensure readability, maintainability, and efficient programming.
  12. Application and Problem-Solving: Provide practical exercises and examples that demonstrate the application of C programming concepts to solve real-world problems.

By the end of the course, participants should have a solid understanding of the core concepts of C programming, enabling them to write, compile, and debug basic C programs and lay a strong foundation for further learning and development in the language.

 Module 1: Getting Started

  • Whence C?
  • Why C?
  • Whither C?
  • What Computers Do
  • High-level Computer Languages and Compilers
  • Language Standards
  • Using C: Seven Steps
  • Programming Mechanics

 Module 2: Introducing C

  • A Simple Example of C
  • The Example Explained
  • The Structure of a Simple Program
  • Tips on Making Your Programs Readable
  • Taking Another Step in Using C
  • While You’re at It—Multiple Functions
  • Introducing Debugging
  • Keywords and Reserved Identifiers
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 3: Data and C

  • A Sample Program
  • Data Variables and Constants
  • Data: Data-Type Keywords
  • Basic C Data Types
  • Using Data Types
  • Arguments and Pitfalls
  • One More Example: Escape Sequences
  • Key Concept
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 4: Character Strings and Formatted Input/Output

  • Introductory Program
  • Character Strings: An Introduction
  • Constants and the C Preprocessor
  • Exploring and Exploiting printf() and scanf()
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 5: Operators, Expressions, and Statements

  • Introducing Loops
  • Fundamental Operators
  • Some Additional Operators
  • Expressions and Statements
  • Type Conversions
  • Function with Arguments
  • A Sample Program
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 6: C Control Statements: Looping

  • Revisiting the while Loop
  • The while Statement
  • Which Is Bigger: Using Relational Operators and Expressions
  • Indefinite Loops and Counting Loops
  • The for Loop
  • More Assignment Operators: +=, -=, *=, /=, %=
  • The Comma Operator
  • An Exit-Condition Loop: do while
  • Which Loop?
  • Nested Loops
  • Introducing Arrays
  • A Loop Example Using a Function Return Value
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 7: C Control Statements: Branching and Jumps

  • The if Statement
  • Adding else to the if Statement
  • Let’s Get Logical
  • A Word-Count Program
  • The Conditional Operator: ?:
  • Loop Aids: continue and break
  • Multiple Choice: switch and break
  • The goto Statement
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 8: Character Input/Output and Input Validation

  • Single-Character I/O: getchar() and putchar()
  • Buffers
  • Terminating Keyboard Input
  • Redirection and Files
  • Creating a Friendlier User Interface
  • Input Validation
  • Menu Browsing
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 9: Functions

  • Reviewing Functions
  • ANSI C Function Prototyping
  • Recursion
  • Compiling Programs with Two or More Source Code Files
  • Finding Addresses: The & Operator
  • Altering Variables in the Calling Function
  • Pointers: A First Look
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 10: Arrays and Pointers

  • Arrays
  • Multidimensional Arrays
  • Pointers and Arrays
  • Functions, Arrays, and Pointers
  • Pointer Operations
  • Protecting Array Contents
  • Pointers and Multidimensional Arrays
  • Variable-Length Arrays (VLAs)
  • Compound Literals
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 11: Character Strings and String Functions

  • Representing Strings and String I/O
  • String Input
  • String Output
  • The Do-It-Yourself Option
  • String Functions
  • A String Example: Sorting Strings
  • The ctype.h Character Functions and Strings
  • Command-Line Arguments
  • String-to-Number Conversions
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 12: Storage Classes, Linkage, and Memory Management

  • Storage Classes
  • A Random-Number Function and a Static Variable
  • Roll ’Em
  • Allocated Memory: malloc() and free()
  • ANSI C Type Qualifiers
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

 Module 13: File Input/Output

  • Communicating with Files
  • Standard I/O
  • A Simple-Minded File-Condensing Program
  • File I/O: fprintf(), fscanf(), fgets(), and fputs()
  • Adventures in Random Access: fseek() and ftell()
  • Behind the Scenes with Standard I/O
  • Other Standard I/O Functions
  • Key Concepts
  • Programming Exercises

Programming in C (C11) Fundamentals Course Prerequisites:

For the Programming in C (C11) Fundamentals course, the following prerequisites are recommended:

  • Basic familiarity with computer operation and software usage
  • No prior programming experience required
  • Willingness to learn and engage in coding exercises
  • Basic understanding of logical and mathematical concepts
  • Basic problem-solving skills
  • Comfort with fundamental computer terminology and concepts

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Live Online

  • Convenience
  • Cost-effective
  • Self-paced learning
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  • Interaction and collaboration
  • Networking opportunities
  • Real-time feedback
  • Personal attention


  • Familiar environment
  • Confidentiality
  • Team building
  • Immediate application

Training Exclusives

This course comes with following benefits:

  • Practice Labs.
  • Get Trained by Certified Trainers.
  • Access to the recordings of your class sessions for 90 days.
  • Digital courseware
  • Experience 24*7 learner support.

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